ECSS staff share technical solutions to scientific computing challenges monthly in this open forum.
The ECSS Symposium allows the over 70 ECSS staff members to exchange on a monthly basis information about successful techniques used to address challenging science problems. Tutorials on new technologies may be featured. Two 30-minute, technically-focused talks are presented each month and include a brief question and answer period. This series is open to everyone.
Day and Time: Third Tuesdays @ 1 pm Eastern / 12 pm Central / 10 am Pacific
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Meeting ID: 114 343 187
Upcoming events are also posted to the Training category of XSEDE News.
Due to the large number of attendees, only the presenters and host broadcast audio. Attendees may submit chat questions to the presenters through a moderator.
June 20, 2017
Visualization of simulated white dwarf collisions as a primary channel for type Ia supernovae
Presenter(s): David Bock (NCSA)
Principal Investigator(s): Doron Kushnir (Princeton)
Type Ia supernovae are an important and significant class of supernovae. While it is known that these events result from thermonuclear explosions of white dwarfs, there is currently no satisfactory scenario to achieve such explosions. Direct collisions of white dwarfs are simulated to study the possibility that the resulting explosions are the main source of type Ia supernovae. An adaptive mesh refinement grid simulates the varying levels of detail and a custom volume renderer is used to visualize density, temperature, and the resulting nickel production during the collision.
Humanities Computing With XSEDE: The Role of ECSS in Past, Present, and Future (upcoming) Projects
Presenter(s): Alan Craig (NCSA)
This symposium will address the role of ECSS in humanities related projects carried out in XSEDE. Humanities related disciplines are typically underrepresented in the XSEDE ecosystem. I will address my experiences and attempt to answer questions such as: "Where do these projects come from?", "What kinds of things are humanities scholars doing with XSEDE?", "What are some hurdles that need to be overcome for successful projects?", "How do the ECSS collaborations work?", and "How do we know if a project is successful?" in the context of several example projects.
May 16, 2017
Presenter(s): Kwai Wong (UTK)
Principal Investigator(s): Matthew DeAngelis (Georgia State University)
Motivated by the increasing tendency for computing power to assist, or even replace, human effort in the acquisition and analysis of financial information and in the execution of trading strategies, this project examines the "scriptability" of firm disclosures, or the relative ease with which a computer program can transform the large amounts of unstructured data contained in various firm disclosures into usable information. The objective of this ECSS project is to provide support to manage and run a set of computer codes examining the scriptability of a large volume of documents. The performance and the workflow procedure of the computations on will be presented.
Visual exploration and analysis of time series earthquake data
Presenter(s): Amit Chourasia (SDSC)
Principal Investigator(s): Keith Richards-Dinger (UC Riverside) James Dieterich (UC Riverside) Yifeng Cui (SDSC)
Earthquake hazard estimation requires systematic investigation of past records as well as fundamental processes that cause the quake. Robust risk estimation requires detailed long-term records of earthquakes at all scales (magnitude, space, time), which are not available. Hence a synthetic method based on first principals could generate such records that could bridge this critical gap of missing data. RSQSim is such a simulator that generates seismic event catalogs for several thousand years at various scales. This synthetic catalog contains rich detail about the events and corresponding properties.
Exploring this data is of vital importance to validate the simulator as well as to identify features of interest such as quake time histories, conduct analysis such as mean recurrence interval of events on each fault section, etc. This work describes and demonstrates a prototype web based visual tool that enables scientists and students explore this rich dataset. It also discusses the refinement and streamlining data management and analysis that is less error prone and scalable.
This work was performed in collaboration with Keith Richards-Dinger, James Dieterich and Yilfeng Cui and supported by ECSS.
April 18, 2017
Securing Access to Science Gateways with CILogon and Role-based Access Control
Presenter(s): Marcus Christie (IU)
CILogon is a service that allows users to securely access cyberinfrastructure resources by authenticating with their home institutions. Users benefit by not needing to learn a new username and password, and science gateway administrators benefit by not needing to securely manage user passwords.
Apache Airavata is a software framework for building science gateways. Apache Airavata provides abstractions for describing compute and storage resources and the applications that can run on them. Through a web interface, users can launch and monitor applications running on a local cluster, the commercial cloud, or national cyberinfrastructure.
The Apache Airavata project recently integrated support for CILogon into it's web portal. In this talk this integration will be discussed along with the role-based access control authorization system developed for Airavata. Together, CILogon and role-based access control significantly ease the burden on users and administrators of securing access to science gateways.
Statistical Analysis for Partially-Observed Markov Processes with Marked Point Process Observation
Presenter(s): Mitchel Horton (NICS) Junqi Yin (NICS)
Principal Investigator(s): Professor Yong Zeng (University of Missouri at Kansas City)
Volatility is influential in investment, monetary policy making, risk management and security valuation, and is regarded as one of the most important financial market indicators. Recently, a general partially-observed framework of Markov processes with Marked Point Process (MPP) observations has been proposed for streaming financial ultra-high frequency (UHF) data.
For this project, particle Markov Chain Monte Carlo (PMCMC), is applied to the parameter estimation for two models: Geometric Brownian Motion (GBM), and Heston Stocastic Volatility (HSV). Both models operate under 1/8 and 1/100 tick mark rules.
This method combines particle filtering with Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) to achieve sequential parameter learning in a Bayesian way. MCMC is used to propose new values for model parameters; particle filtering is used to detect values of marginal likelihood in the state-space model based on the proposed parameters.
The CUDA codes to compute the Bayes factors for model comparison and selection between GBM and HSV are donei, and in the simulation testing stage. With the time remaining for this project, new features will be added to HSV (another, even more highly-parallelizable particle filtering (namely, sequential Monte Carlo) method, will be used to solve the same filtering equations which are stochastic PDEs).
March 21, 2017
The Paleoscape Project for Studies of Modern Human Origins
Presenter(s): David O'Neal (PSC)
Principal Investigator(s): Curtis Marean. (Arizona State)
There is widespread consensus in human origins research (paleoanthropology) that the modern human lineage evolved in Africa and all modern humans are descended from that population. The archaeological record for the behavior of this crucial phase is richest in the southern African sub-region and particularly rich in the Cape. It has been hypothesized that the Cape, due to its uniquely rich coastal and terrestrial food resources, may have been the refuge region for the progenitor lineage of all modern humans during harsh global glacial phases.
During this phase of human origins, the economy was based entirely on hunting and gathering, and hunter-gatherer adaptations are tied to the way that climate and environment shape the food and technological resource base. For this reason human origins research recognizes the evolutionary significance of paleoclimate and paleoenvironment, and has a long tradition of engaging with climate and environmental scientists in an effort to understand if and how bio-behavioral evolution in the hominin line responded to climate change.
This XSEDE ECSS project implements the following workflow:
1) run a South African regional climate model to hindcast the climate parameters needed to project vegetation and other resources into the past, 2) run vegetation projections from these climate projections, and 3) run multiple agent-based simulations of the foragers on the these ancient paleoscapes. This unique endeavor is made possible by an unprecedented collaboration of scientists from several countries and many disciplines.
February 21, 2017
Julia on HPC Platform
Presenter(s): Dong Ju Choi (UCSD)
Principal Investigator(s): Christopher Rackauckas (University of California, Irvine)
Julia is a high level programming languge providing both MATLAB like easiness and parallel computing performance. We began to learn the language to assist Chris Rackauckas at University of California Irvine for the development of a Julia differential equation package on SDSC Comet system.
This presentation will introduce the basic Julia usage on HPC platform specially with Comet system during the support.
Low Reynolds Number Hydrodynamics for Micro-robotic Applications
Presenter(s): Anirban Jana (PSC)
Principal Investigator(s): Metin Sitti (CMU)
In this talk, I will present my ECSS project with Prof Metin Sitti from CMU, where I helped develop an efficient simulation capability to perform simulations of microrobots in liquid enviroments at low Reynolds numbers (in the Stokes flow regime). The simulations are based on the boundary element method for Stokes flows. The ECSS project activities included selection of a suitable software stack, workflow development from preprocessing to simulation to analysis, and parallelization of an existing open source Stokes flow BEM code . This enabled simulation time to be reduced from days to minutes, opening up the possibility of comprehensive design space explorations, or more highly resolved simulations, or simulations of much more complex systems such as swarms of microrobots, in the future.
January 17, 2017
Toward Flood Inundation Mapping at the Continental Scale: the Cyberinfrastructure Approach
Presenter(s): Yan Liu (CyberGIS Center and NCSA, UIUC)
Principal Investigator(s): David Maidment (UT Austin) David Tarboton (Utah State University)
Project 1: National Flood Interoperability Experiment (NFIE) As high-resolution national terrain and water data become increasingly available, hydrology researchers have the opportunities to conduct hydrological study directly at continental scale for the conterminous U.S. (CONUS). To enable continental hydrology research, integrated cyberinfrastructure power plays a critical role in coupling interdisciplinary data, software, and multiple types of computational platforms and making them available for the research community to perform methodological experiments on big data and complex computations that they could not handle in lab environment. One leading effort in this direction is the NSF National Flood Interoperability Experiment (NFIE). NFIE aims to combine high-resolution terrain (10m and finer) and water (National Hydrography Dataset) data with NOAA National Water Model (NWM) forecast for real-time national inundation mapping and forecast.
Project 2: Terrain analysis using digital elevation models (TauDEM) Two ECSS projects help achieve NFIE goals on XSEDE resources at NCSA (on ROGER supercomputer, one of the 3rd-tier resources) and TACC (on Stampede). The NFIE ECSS project develops computational solutions to data integration and processing, methodology development, workflow construction, and experiment computation. The TauDEM ECSS project accelerates a core software piece in NFIE workflow, i.e., TauDEM, to conduct high-performance and scalable hydrological information analysis on large geospatial raster data. In this talk, I will introduce the data and computational challenges in these two projects and review the solutions developed to achieve major milestones. Results and their impact in the research community will be presented. I will share our computational experience on the highly-coupled HPC and cloud computing platform on ROGER and discuss the advantages of hybrid supercomputing architecture in building end-to-end solutions for research groups and science gateways.
December 20, 2016
Comet Virtual Cluster 'User' Experience
Presenter(s): Trevor Cooper (SDSC) Fugang Wang (IU)
Comet is an XSEDE HPC resource hosted and operated at SDSC and supported by systems staff at SDSC and user support staff at IU.
This demonstration explores the Virtual Cluster (VC) capability of Comet, a unique feature that provides projects with the ability to fully define their own software environment with a set of dynamically allocated virtual machines.
We will begin the demonstration with an overview on the design and architecture of the virtual cluster capability, and how it compares to other virtualized and cloud services. The high performance of the virtualized clusters combining the full AVX2 feature set of the Haswell processors and the InfiniBand HCAs using SR-IOV for MPI will be discussed.
We will then follow with a demonstration on how to build, configure, and manage virtual clusters using the Cloudmesh client, a tool to easily interface with multiple clouds from the command line and a command shell following a guide originally create for the XSEDE hands-on tutorial. Time-permitting we will demonstrate multiple pre-configured virtual clusters and provide examples of possible administrative workflows available in this unique environment.
Finally we will provide references for further information on obtaining an allocation for Comet virtual clusters.
The Science Gateways Community Institute
Presenter(s): Nancy Wilkins-Diehr (SDSC)
Science gateways are a fundamental part of today's research landscape. Beginning in 2013, more users accessed XSEDE resources via gateways than they did from the command line. However, despite the presence of gateways for many years, development of these environments is often done with an ad hoc process, limiting success, resource efficiency, and long-term impact. Developers are often unaware that others have solved similar challenges before, and they do not know where to turn for advice or expertise. Without knowledge of what's possible, projects waste money and time implementing the most basic functions rather than the value-added features for their unique audience. Critically also many gateway efforts fail. Some fail early by not understanding how to build communities of users; others fail later by not developing plans for sustainability.
The Science Gateways Community Institute (SGCI, http://www.sciencegateways.org) is one of the first implementation-phase software institutes to be awarded through NSF's Software Infrastructure for Sustained Innovation (SI2) program. SGCI has been designed as a service organization to address challenges by offering services to and building community among the research communities developing gateways. An application to be an XSEDE level two service provider is planned. The Institute's five-component design is the result of several years of studies, including many focus groups and a 5,000-person survey of the research community. This talk will describe SGCI's offerings and how they might benefit your work.
October 18, 2016
Towards Large-scale Genomics, Transcriptomics, and Metagenomics for All
Presenter(s): Philip Blood (PSC)
Principal Investigator(s): Noushin Ghaffari (Texas A&M) Ping Ma (U. Georgia) James Taylor (Johns Hopkins)
Although increasing numbers of researchers in genomics and related disciplines are utilizing advanced cyberinfrastructure for their work, these still represent a relatively small fraction of the biologists who could benefit from access to the latest genomics tools backed by large-scale computing resources. Rapid advances in these fields have caused an explosion of tools and algorithms that present a dizzying array of constantly changing options. Hence, even for scientists who are adept at using advanced computing infrastructure, it is challenging to determine the optimal mix of tools and employ these effectively to analyze large genomic data sets. In this talk I will highlight several XSEDE ECSS projects aimed at tackling aspects of these problems, both through formal ECSS collaborations and the "Novel and Innovative Projects" (NIP) arm of ECSS. These projects include the development of a pipeline for high-quality transcriptome analysis based on well-characterized RNA Sequencing Quality Control (SEQC) datasets, making memory-hungry sequence assembly tools available through the Galaxy XSEDE Gateway (usegalaxy.org), enabling large-scale analysis of human microbiome data, and facilitating the Critical Assessment of Metagenome Interpretation (CAMI: http://www.cami-challenge.org/).
Petascale DNS Using the Fast Poisson Solver PSH3D
Presenter(s): Darren Adams (NCSA)
Principal Investigator(s): Antonio Ferrante (U Wash)
Direct numerical simulation (DNS) of high Reynolds number (Re = O(105)) turbulent flows requires computational meshes of O(1012) grid points. Thus, DNS requires the use of petascale supercomputers. DNS often requires the solution of a Helmholtz (or Poisson) equation for pressure, which constitutes the bottleneck of the solver. We have developed and implemented a parallel solver of the Helmholtz equation in 3D called petascale Helmholtz 3D (PSH3D). The numerical method underlying PSH3D combines a parallel 2D Fast Fourier transform (P2DFFT) and a parallel linear solver (PLS). Our numerical results show that PSH3D scales up to at least 262,144 cores. PSH3D has a peak performance 6× faster than 3D FFT-based methods (e.g., P3DFFT) when used with the partial-global optimization. We have verified that the use of PSH3D with the partial-global optimization in our DNS solver does not reduce the accuracy of the numerical solution when tested for the Taylor-Green vortex flow.
September 20, 2016
Integrating Scientific Tools and Web Portals
Presenter(s): Kevin (Feng) Chen (TACC)
Principal Investigator(s): Carol X. Song (Purdue) Ritu Arora (TACC)
Abstract: Diagrid is powered by the HUBzero® software developed at Purdue University. It is specifically designed to help a scientific community share resources and work together with one another. The Diagrid Science as a Service platform allows for easy web-based access to software applications used by thousands of researchers around the world. In today's ECSS symposium, Dr. Kevin Chen will discuss the development on scientific tools leveraging Diagrid web portal and XSEDE HPC resources.
System-level Checkpoint-Restart with DMTCP
Presenter(s): Jerome Vienne (TACC)
Principal Investigator(s): Gene Cooperman (Northeastern University)
DMTCP (Distributed MultiThreaded CheckPointing) is a software package used to checkpoint-restart applications. The primary purpose of checkpointing in HPC is achieving fault tolerance. If a computation fails, whether for reasons of hardware failure or temporary software failure, then the user restarts the computation from a previous checkpoint. This presentation highlights work on ECSS project with the team that develops it. The initial purpose of the ECSS project was to provide support to extend the scalability of DMTCP but it ended to be more than that. During the presentation, I will introduce DMTCP and explain how it can be used to checkpoint-restart and debug a batch session, checkpoint OpenSHMEM implementations and large scale experiments running on InfiniBand clusters. All these points brought to different challenges that were solved during this ECSS project. This collaboration led to papers presented at XSEDE'16, OpenSHMEM 2016 and IEEE ICPADS 2016.
August 16, 2016
Re-presenting Large Image Collections for Data Mining and Analysis
Presenter(s): Paul Rodriguez (SDSC)
Principal Investigator(s): Elizabeth Wuerffel (Valparaiso University) Alison Langmead (University of Pittsburgh)
I will discuss two NIP/ECSS projects that both involve primarily image analysis in the context of digital humanities. (Image Analysis of Rural Photography, PI Wuerffel; Decomposing Bodies, [aka Image Analysis of Bertillon Prison Cards], PI Langmead). Both of them are superficially about taking old B&W photograph collections and 'digitizing' them. In a general sense, the goal is to re-represent the data so that the digital humanist can perform particular socio/historical/artistic/cultural analysees. In a more practical sense, the goal is to extract feature from the images and metadata and provide infrastructure support for analysis. Part of our challenge is to line up these two goals.
I will also discuss the technical and programmatic aspects, mostly for my own pieces of the projects. Although the processes, project logistics, and infrastructure are very similar between projects, the actual feature extraction code and data products have little overlap - which is due to the nature of the image data themselves. Feature extraction for both projects primarily involve an assembly of techniques/tools that are in open source packages, where the trickier aspects require coming up with good strategies for applying techniques, evaluating how well they work on this data, and exploring possible methods that might be useful to the user.
Experiences running Dynamic Traffic Assignment Simulations at scale using HPC Infrastructure
Presenter(s): Amit Gupta (TACC)
Principal Investigator(s): Natalia Ruiz Juri (UT)
Dynamic Traffic Assignment (DTA) simulations form an important analysis tool for Transportation researchers in attempting to model complex interactions between travelers and transportation infrastructure. These simulation frameworks are complex to develop, maintain and extend. VISTA is a widely used Transportation Simulation framework providing Dynamic Traffic Assignment. I discuss our experiences in scaling VISTA on the Stampede system as an exemplar of how HPC infrastructure and tools can augment analysis workflows in transportation research by significantly speeding up simulation experiments. I also discuss some challenges and tradeoffs in enabling DTA frameworks for use in HPC environments and also directions for continuing/future work under ECSS support.